Adam {Atom} & Dhikr

سَنُرِيهِمْ آيَاتِنَا فِي الآفَاقِ وَفِي أَنفُسِهِمْ حَتَّى يَتَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُ الْحَقُّ أَوَلَمْ يَكْفِ بِرَبِّكَ أَنَّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ
We will soon show them Our signs in the Universe and in themselves,
until it will become manifest to them that it is the truth…. (Fussilat 41:53)
Importance of 4 {add Dal }
 if the values of four fundamental forces were different, the universe would have consisted of only radiation and become a tissue of light with no stars, galaxies, human beings, or anything else.
Thanks to the extraordinary perfect balance of those four forces, "atoms"-the building-blocks of that which is called "matter"-came into being.
Scientists are also in general agreement that the first two simplest elements-
  • hydrogen{ HA} and helium {HAA}-began to form during the first seconds after the Big Bang.
The elements were formed as a result of a reduction in the universal entropy that was causing matter to scatter everywhere. In other words, at first the universe was just an amassing of hydrogen and helium atoms. If it had remained so, again there could have been no stars, planets, stones, soil, trees, or human beings. It would have been a lifeless universe consisting of only those two elements.
The Structure of the Elements
Chemistry is a science that deals with the composition, structure, and properties of substances and with the transformations that they undergo.
  • The bedrock of modern chemistry is the periodic table of elements.
  • First laid out by Russian chemist Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev, the elements in the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic structures.
  • Hydrogen 1occupies the first place in the table because it is the simplest of all the elements, consisting of only one proton in its nucleus and one electron revolving around it.
  • Protons are subatomic particles that carry a positive electrical charge + in the nucleus of an atom.
  • Helium-2,  with two protons, occupies the second place in the periodic table.
  • Carbon-6 has six protons and
  • Oxygen-8{ WAW } has eight. All the elements differ in the number of protons that they contain.
Another particle present in the nucleus of an atom is the neutron.
  • Unlike protons { 1 Active}, neutrons { 0 Passive Khalifa } do not carry an electrical charge: they are neutral in other words, hence their name.
The third basic particle of which atoms are composed is the electron, {Creation}
  • which has a negative electrical charge.
  • In every atom, the number of protons and electrons is the same.
  • Unlike protons and neutrons however, electrons are not located in the nucleus. { They are not in the Core but around the Circumference}
  • Instead, they move around the nucleus at a very high speed that keeps the positive and negative charges of the atom apart.
In the Middle Ages there was a "science" called alchemy-the forerunner of modern chemistry. Alchemists, unaware of the periodic table or the atomic structures of the elements, thought it was possible to transform one element into another. (A favorite object of pursuit, for reasons that should be apparent, was trying to turn iron into gold.) We now know that what the alchemists were trying to do is impossible under normal conditions such as exist on Earth: The temperatures and pressures required for such a transformation to take place are too enormous to achieve in any terrestrial laboratory. But it is possible if you have the right place to do it in.
And the right place, it turns out, is in the hearts of stars.
The Universe's Alchemy Labs: Red Giants
The temperature required to overcome the reluctance of nuclei to change is nearly 10 million degrees Celsius.
  • This is why "alchemy" in the real sense takes place only in stars. In medium-sized stars like the Sun, the enormous energy being radiated is the result of hydrogen being fused into helium. { Secrets of Fusion and Lam Alif}

Red giants are huge stars about fifty times bigger than our sun. Deep within these giants, an extraordinary process takes place.
  • Keeping this brief review of the chemistry of elements in mind, let us return to the immediate aftermath of the Big Bang.
  • We mentioned that only helium and hydrogen atoms existed in the universe after the Big Bang.
  • Astronomers believe that solar-type stars (of which the Sun is one) are formed as a result of nebulae { NabiAllah}(clouds) of hydrogen and helium gas being compressed until the hydrogen-to-helium thermonuclear reaction gets started.
  • So now we have stars.
  • But our universe is still lifeless.
  • For life, heavier elements-oxygen and carbon specifically-are required. There needs to be another process whereby hydrogen and helium can be converted into still other elements.
The "manufacturing-plants" of these heavy elements it turns out are the red giants-a class of stars that are fifty times bigger than the Sun.
Red giants are much hotter than solar-type stars and this characteristic enables them to do something other stars cannot:
  • They convert helium into carbon
  • Nevertheless, even for a red giant this is not easy. As the astronomer Greenstein says: "Even now, when the answer (as to how they do it) is well in hand, the method they employ seems astonishing."
  • Helium's atomic weight is 2: that is, it has two protons in its nucleus.
  • Carbon's atomic weight is 6. In the fantastically high temperatures of red giants, three helium atoms are fused into a carbon atom.
  • This is the "alchemy" that supplied the universe with its heavier elements after the Big Bang.
But as we said: it's not easy. It's nearly impossible to persuade two helium atoms to join together and quite impossible for three. So how do the six protons needed for carbon get together?
It's a two-step process. First, two helium atoms are fused into an intermediary element with four protons and four neutrons. Next, a third helium is added to this intermediary element to make a carbon atom with six protons and six neutrons.

Helium nucleus

Carbon nucleus

The extraordinarily unstable isotope of beryllium
that is formed in red giants.

Normal beryllium as found on Earth.

How is this unstable beryllium isotope, which forms and disintegrates in such a short time, able to unite with a helium atom to become a carbon atom? It is like trying to lay a third brick on two other bricks that shoot away from each other in 0.000000000000001 second if they chance to come atop one another, and form a construction in this way. How does this process take place in red giants? Physicists scratched their heads over this puzzle for decades without coming up with an answer. The American astrophysicist Edwin Salpeter finally discovered a clue to the mystery in the concept of "atomic resonance".
Resonance and Double Resonance { Dhikr}
Resonance is defined as the harmony of frequencies (vibrations) of two different materials.
A simple example from ordinary experience will give us an idea of what physicists mean by "atomic resonance".
  • Imagine yourself and a child at a playground where there are swings.
  • The child sits on the swing and you give him a push to get him started. To keep the swing moving, you have to keep pushing it from behind. But the timing of these pushes is important. Each time the swing approaches you, you have to apply the force of the push just at the right moment: when the swing is at the highest point of its motion towards you. If you push too soon, the result is a collision that disturbs the rhythmic momentum of the swing; if you push too late, the effort is wasted because the swing is already moving away from you.
  • In other words, the frequency of your pushes must be in harmony with the frequency of the swing's approaches to you.
Physicists refer to such a "harmony of frequencies" as "resonance". The swing has a frequency: for example it reaches you every 1.7 seconds. Using your arms you push it every 1.7 seconds. Of course if you want, you can change the frequency of the swing's motion, but if you do, you have to change the frequency of the pushes as well, otherwise the swing will not swing right.
Just as two or more moving bodies can resonate, resonance can also occur when one moving body causes motion in another. This type of resonance is often seen in musical instruments and is called "acoustic resonance". It can occur, for example, among two finely-tuned violins. If one of these violins is played in the same room as the other, the strings of the second will vibrate and produce a sound even though nobody is touching it. { Fana & Muraqabah}Because both instruments have been precisely tuned to the same frequency, a vibration in one causes a vibration in the other.
The resonances in these two examples are simple ones and are easy to keep the track of. There are other resonances in physics that are not simple at all and in the case of atomic nuclei, the resonances can be quite complex and sensitive.
Every atomic nucleus has a natural energy level that physicists have been able to identify after lengthy study. These energy levels are quite different from one another but a few rare instances of resonance between atomic nuclei have been observed. When such resonance occurs, the motions of the nuclei are in harmony with one another like our examples of the swing and violin. The important point of this is that the resonance expedites nuclear reactions that can affect the nuclei.
Investigating how carbon was made by red giants, Edwin Salpeter suggested that there must be a resonance between helium and beryllium nuclei that facilitated the reaction. This resonance, he said, made it easier for helium atoms to fuse into beryllium and this could account for the reaction in red giants. Subsequent research however failed to support this idea.
Fred Hoyle was the first to discover the amazing equilibrium of nuclear reactions taking place in red giants. Although an atheist, Hoyle admitted that this balance could not be explained by chance and that it was a deliberate arrangement.
Fred Hoyle was the second astronomer to address this question. Hoyle took Salpeter's idea a step further, introducing the idea of "double resonance".
  • Hoyle said that there had to be two resonances:
  • one that caused two heliums to fuse into beryllium and
  • one that caused the third helium atom join this unstable formation.
  • Nobody believed Hoyle.
  • The idea of such a precise resonance occurring once was hard enough to accept; that it should occur twice was unthinkable. Hoyle pursued his research for years and in the end he proved that his idea was right:
  • there really was a double resonance taking place in the red giants.
  • At the exact moment two helium atoms resonated in union, a beryllium atom appeared in the 0.000000000000001 second needed to produce carbon. George Greenstein describes why this double resonance is indeed an extraordinary mechanism: { secrets of Fana or Fusion}
There are three quite separate structures in this story-helium, beryllium, and carbon-and two quite separate resonances.
  • It is hard to see why these nuclei should work together so smoothly…
  • Other nuclear reactions do not proceed by such a remarkable chain of lucky breaks…
  • It is like discovering deep and complex resonances between a car, a bicycle, and a truck.
  • Why should such disparate structures mesh together so perfectly?
  • Upon this our existence, and that of every life form in the universe, depends.
  • In the years that followed it was discovered that other elements like oxygen are also formed as a result of such amazing resonances.
  • Nuclei and Quasars, that such double resonances had to be the result of design and not coincidence.
  • If you wanted to produce carbon and oxygen in roughly equal quantities by stellar nucleosynthesis, these are the two levels you would have to fix, and your fixing would have to be just about where these levels are actually found to be…
  • A commonsense interpretation of the facts suggests that a super intellect has monkeyed with physics, as well as chemistry and biology, and that there are no blind forces worth speaking about in nature.
  • The numbers one calculates from the facts seem to me so overwhelming as to put this conclusion almost beyond question.
This plain truth was expressed in the Qur'an 1,400 years ago. Allah indicates the harmony in creation of the heavens in the verse: Do you not see how Allah created seven heavens in harmony… (Surah Nuh: 15)
A Lesser Alchemy Lab: The Sun

The sun is a giant nuclear reactor that constantly transforms atoms of hydrogen into helium and produces heat in the process. What is crucial to this process however is the incredible precision with which these reactions are balanced within the sun. The slightest change in any of the forces governing these reactions would result in their failure or in a catastrophic runaway explosion.
  • The conversion of helium into carbon described above is the alchemy of red giants.
  • In smaller stars like our sun, a simpler sort of alchemy takes place.
  • The sun converts hydrogen into helium and this reaction is the source of its energy.
  • This reaction is no less essential for us to exist than are the reactions in the red giants.
  • Moreover, the sun's nuclear reaction is also a designed process, just like the one in red giants.
  • Hydrogen, the input element for this reaction, is the simplest element in the universe for its nucleus consists of a single proton.
  • In a helium nucleus, there are two protons and two neutrons.
The process taking place in the sun is the fusion of four hydrogen atoms into one helium atom. {4level 1-Ahkfa} 4-Caliphas 1- Rasul.
An enormous amount of energy is released during this process. Nearly all the thermal and light energy reaching Earth is the result of this solar nuclear reaction.
Single-proton hydrogen nuclei 
Helium nucleus with two protons and two neutrons
and helium
1) Above: Four hydrogen atoms in the sun join together to form a single helium atom.
2) Below1: This is a two-step process. First two hydrogen atoms fuse forming a deuteron. { 2 is Ba = Ba for Bahr Qudra} This transformation is a slow one and is what keeps the sun burning constantly.
3) Below2: If the strong nuclear force were just a little bit stronger, a di-proton would be formed instead of a deuteron. Such a reaction however cannot be sustained for any length of time: a runaway catastrophic explosion would occur in just a few seconds.

Single-proton hydrogen nuclei
Deutron nucleus with one proton and one neutron

Single-proton hydrogen nuclei
Di-proton nucleus with two proton

Like the reactions taking place in red giants, this solar nuclear reaction turns out to involve a number of unexpected aspects without which it could not take place.
  • You can't simply jam four hydrogen atoms together and turn them into helium.
  • To make this happen, a two-step process is required, paralleling the one taking place in red giants.
  • In the first step, two hydrogen atoms combine to form an intermediary nucleus called deuteron consisting of one proton and one neutron.{11}
What force could be great enough to produce a deuteron by jamming two nuclei together?
  • This force is the "strong nuclear force", one of the four fundamental forces { Secret of 4 Dal in Abjad} of the universe mentioned in the previous section.
  • This is the most powerful physical force in the universe and is billions of billions of billions of billions times stronger than the gravitational force.
  • Nothing but this force could unite two nuclei like this.
Now the really curious thing about all this is that research shows that, strong as it is, the strong nuclear force is just barely strong enough to do what it does.
  • If it were even slightly weaker than it is, it would not be able to unite the two nuclei.
  • Instead, two protons nearing each other would repel each other immediately and the reaction in the sun fizzle out before it ever began.
  • In other words, the sun would not exist as an energy-radiating star.
  • Concerning this, George Greenstein says: "Had the strong force had been only slightly less strong, the light of the world would have never been lit."
What, on the other hand, if the strong nuclear force were stronger?
  • To answer that, we first have to look at the process of converting two hydrogen atoms into a deuteron in a little more detail.
  • First, one of the protons is stripped of its electrical charge and becomes a neutron.
  • This neutron forms a deuteron by uniting with a proton.
  • The force causing this unification is the "strong nuclear force"; the force that converts a proton into a neutron on the other hand is a different one and is called the "weak nuclear force".
  • It is weak only by comparison however and it takes about ten minutes to make the conversion.
  • At the atomic level, this is an immensely long time and it has the effect of slowing down the rate at which the reaction in the sun takes place.
Let us now return to our question:
What would happen if the strong nuclear force were stronger?
  • The answer is that the reaction in the sun would be changed dramatically because the weak nuclear force would be eliminated from the reaction.
If the strong nuclear force were any stronger than it is, it would be able to fuse two protons to one another immediately and without having to wait ten minutes for a proton to be converted into a neutron.
  • As a result of this reaction, there would be one nucleus with two protons instead of a deuteron.
  • Scientists call such a nucleus a "di-proton".
  • It is a theoretical particle however insofar as it has never been observed to occur naturally.
  • But if the strong nuclear force were much stronger than it is, then there would be real di-protons in the sun.
  • So what? Well by getting rid of the proton-to-neutron conversion, we would be eliminating the "throttle" that keeps the sun's "engine" running as slowly as it does.
  • George Greenstein explains what the result of that would be:
The Sun would change because the first stage in the formation of helium would no longer be the formation of the deuteron.
  • It would be the formation of the di-proton.
  • And this reaction would not involve the transformation of a proton into a neutron at all.
  • The role of the weak force would be eliminated, and only the strong force would be involved…and as a result the Sun's fuel would suddenly become very good indeed.
  • It would become so powerful, so ferociously reactive, that the Sun and every other star like it would instantaneously explode.
The explosion of the sun would cause the world and everything on it to burst into flames, burning our blue planet to a crisp in a few seconds.
  • Because the strong nuclear force is precisely fine-tuned to be neither too strong nor too weak, the sun's nuclear reaction is slowed down and the star has been able to radiate light and energy for billions of years.
  • This precise tuning is what makes it possible for mankind to live.
  • If there were even the slightest deviation in this arrangement, the stars (including our sun) would not exist or if they did, they would explode in a short time.
In other words the structure of the sun is neither accidental nor unintentional. Quite the contrary: Allah has created the sun for people to live, as expressed in the verse:
The sun and the moon follow courses (exactly) computed. (Surat ar-Rahman: 5)
Protons and Electrons
So far we have been examining matters concerned with forces that affect atomic nuclei.
  • There is another important equilibrium in the atom that we must consider:
  • the balance between its nucleus and electrons.

Both the mass and the volume of a proton are incomparably larger than those of an electron but, strangely enough, these two particles have equal (though opposite) electrical charges. Because of this fact, atoms are electrically neutral. { Great Lesson in Spiritual Personalities, the more spiritual strength of the Enlighten Person the more Followers they are the electrons they balance Them.}
Put in its simplest terms, electrons revolve around the nucleus.
  • The reason for this is electrical charge.
  • Electrons have a negative charge and protons have a positive charge.
  • Opposite charges attract, so an atom's electrons are drawn towards the nucleus.
  • But the electrons are also moving at an enormous speed which would, under normal conditions, cause them to shoot away from the nucleus.
  • These two forces (attraction and motion away) are balanced so that the electrons move in orbits around the nucleus.{ As The Murid- Electron- is attracted to the Murshid-Proton, Attraction keeps your love to approach, Testing and difficulties keep Motion away that balance keeps in in his nucleus}
Atoms are also balanced in terms of their electric charges:
  • the number of orbiting electrons is the same as the number of protons in the nucleus. { Shaykh Proton-Positive power will determine the number of Electrons-Murids he will attract. Juzbah}
  • (For example, oxygen has eight protons and eight electrons.) In this way the electrical force of an atom is balanced and the atom is electrically neutral.
So far, so much basic chemistry. However there is a point in this seemingly simple structure that is overlooked by many.
A proton is much bigger than an electron in terms of both size and weight.
  • If an electron were the size of a walnut, a proton would be about the size of a man. { Murshid is a least 100 times more powerful than any mureed no matter how advanced}
  • Physically, they are quite dissimilar.
But their electrical charges are the same size!
  • Although their electrical charges are opposite (electrons negative, protons positive) they are also equal.
  • There is no obvious reason why this should be so.
  • Conceivably (and "logically") an electron ought to carry a much smaller charge because it is so much smaller.
But if that were true, then what would happen?
What would happen is that every atom in the universe would be positively charged instead of being electrically neutral.
  • And because like charges repel, every atom in the universe would try and repel every other atom.
  • Matter as we know it could not exist.
What would happen if it suddenly became true now? What would happen if every atom were to start repelling every other?
Quite extraordinary things would happen. Let us begin with the changes that would occur in your body. The moment this change occurred, your hands and your arms holding this book would shatter at once. And not just your hands and arms but also your body, your legs, your eyes, your teeth-every part of your body would explode in a split second.
The room you sit in and the world around you would explode in a moment. All the seas, mountains, the planets in the solar system, and all the stars and galaxies in the universe would shatter into atomic dust. And there would never again be anything in the universe to observe. The universe would become a mass of disorganized atoms pushing each other around.
By how much would the sizes of the electrical charges of protons and electrons have to differ in order for this dreadful thing to happen?
  • One percent? A tenth of one percent? George Greenstein addresses this question in The Symbiotic Universe:
  • Small things like stones, people, and the like would fly apart if the two charges differed by as little as one part in 100 billion.
  • Larger structures like the Earth and the Sun require for their existence a yet more perfect balance of one part in a billion billion.
Here is yet another precisely-tuned equilibrium that proves that the universe is intentionally designed and created for a particular purpose.
  • As John D. Barrow and Frank J. Tipler maintain in their book "The Anthropic Cosmological Principle", "there is a grand design in the Universe that favors the development of intelligent life."
Of course every design proves the existence of a conscious "designer". That is Allah alone, "Lord of all the worlds", described in the Qur'an as the only Power Who created the universe from nothingness, and designed and fashioned it as He willed.
As stated in the Qur'an, "He built the heaven, He raised its vault high and made it level." (Surat an-Nazi'at: 27-28)
Thanks to the extraordinary balances that we have seen in this chapter, matter is able to remain stable and this stability is evidence of the perfection of Allah's creation as revealed in the Qur'an:
Among His Signs is that heaven and earth hold firm by His command. (Surat ar-Rum: 25)

At the center of the earth there's a sort of heat-driven engine that is so perfectly adjusted that it is strong enough to generate the planet's magnetic shield yet not so strong as to engulf the crust above in lava.
The magnetic field these geologists talk about is of great importance for life.
  • This magnetic field originates from the structure of Earth's core.
  • The core consists of heavy elements like iron and nickel that are capable of holding a magnetic charge.
  • The inner core is solid while the outer one is liquid.
  • The two layers of the core move around each other and this movement is what generates Earth's magnetic field.
  • Extending far beyond the surface, this field protects Earth from the effects of detrimental radiation from outer space.
  • The radiation of stars other than the sun cannot travel through this shield. The Van Allen Belt, whose magnetic lines extend ten thousand miles from Earth, protects the globe from this deadly energy. {Keeping Bad Energy Away similar to our own energy fields Nasma}
It is calculated that the plasma clouds trapped by the Van Allen Belt sometimes attain energy levels 100 billion times more powerful than that the atomic bomb released over Hiroshima.
  • Cosmic rays may be equally detrimental.
  • The earth's magnetic field however lets only 0.1% of that radiation through and that is absorbed by the atmosphere.
  • The electrical energy needed to create and maintain such a magnetic field is nearly a billion amperes, as much as mankind has generated throughout history.
If this protective shield did not exist, life would be destroyed by harmful radiation from time to time and might not have come into existence at all.
But as Press and Siever point out, Earth's core is exactly designed to keep the planet safe.
In Humans This Known As The Nasma  {Aura} and Meditation
In the spiritual terminology, the non-physical body is called nasma. Nasma exists within each physical body as a subtle vapor or energy breeze created by the chemical output of the physical body. The nasma is present in human beings just as rose water is present in the rose or as the fire in glowing coals. Being superior with its connection to the divine energy source, it can taste without using the tongue, can see without using the eyes, and can hear without using the ears.
By using the nasma, HSP is made available to the spiritual healer. The nasma derives its nourishment from the esoteric energy which is released whenever we act, think, or form a belief or intention. The nasma in human beings is capable of leaving the physical body at any time through the universal driving force.
When the flow of spiritual energy is disturbed or insufficient, the health of the patient is adversely affected, leading to pain, disease, distress, and so forth. These are signals that we need to rebalance our energy.
A positive energy flow nourishes the nasma and maintains its structure and foundation, balancing the human system. This balance leads to increased awareness of the body’s sensations which in turn leads to good living, following of proper diet, and enjoyment of exercise. The nasma then supports and maintains a healthy physical body, in which the chemical and physical systems remain balanced and functioning normally, thus perpetuating physical health.
In the healthy system, the energies in each body not only remain balanced but also support and influence the energy balance in other peoples’ bodies. The nasma can influence others like a magnet bringing the charges of adjacent metal into its alignment. The energy of a healthy system is thus both self-healing and self-propagating in that it maintains the individual health while strengthening the health of those in one’s aura. That is, good health attracts and develops more good health.
The nasma can not only influence the physical body, but it can also be affected by a sick body and become weak because of the weakness of the organs.
  • For example, in a weak body a weak nasma shows its symptoms in the mental and physical aspects of a person.
  • In the mental sphere, any one of the following will occur: neurosis, depression, hysteria, psychosis, seizures, sleep terror, and insomnia.
  • If this state of affairs is allowed to continue without treatment, the nasma becomes so weak that it is rendered incapable of defending itself in the weak body.
  • The patient at this stage suffers either from seizures, psychotic fits, or aggressive behavior.
  • The spiritual healer can strengthen the patient’s organs and thereby the nasma through the universal driving force, creating a high-energy state in which symptoms of sickness disappear.
In other words, there is a special purpose as stated in the Qur'an:
We made the sky a persevered and protected roof yet still they turn away from Our Signs. (Surat al-Anbiya: 32)
  • The atmosphere of Earth is composed of 77% nitrogen,
  • 21% oxygen, and
  • 1% carbon dioxide.
  • Let's start with the most important gas: oxygen.
Oxygen is vitally important to life because it enters into most of the chemical reactions that release the energy that all complex life-forms require.
  • Carbon
  • compounds react with oxygen.
  • As a result of these reactions, water, carbon dioxide, and energy are produced.
  • Small "bundles" of energy that are called ATP (adenosine triphosphate) and are used in living cells are generated by these reactions.
  • This is why we constantly need oxygen to live and why we breathe to satisfy that need.
The interesting aspect of this business is that the percentage of oxygen in the air we breathe is very precisely determined. Michael Denton writes on this point:
Could your atmosphere contain more oxygen and still support life?
  • No! Oxygen is a very reactive element.
  • Even the current percentage of oxygen in the atmosphere, 21 percent, is close to the upper limit of safety for life at ambient temperatures.
  • The probability of a forest fire being ignited increases by as much as 70 percent for every 1 percent increase in the percentage of oxygen in the atmosphere.

Even a 5% increase in the amount of oxygen in our planet's atmosphere would result in fires that would destroy much of its forests.
According to the British biochemist James Lovelock:
  • Above 25% very little of our present land vegetation could survive the raging conflagrations which would destroy tropical rain forests and arctic tundra alike...
  • The present oxygen level is at a point where risk and benefit nicely balance.
That the proportion of oxygen in the atmosphere remains at this precise value is the result of a marvelous "recycling" system:
  • Animals constantly consume oxygen and produce carbon dioxide, which, for them, is not breathable.
  • Plants do just the opposite: they take in carbon dioxide, which they need to live, and release oxygen instead.
  • Thanks to this system, life goes on. Plants release millions of tons of oxygen into the atmosphere every day.
Without the cooperation and balance of these two different groups of living things, our planet would be unlivable.
  • For example, if living things only took in carbon dioxide and released oxygen, the earth's atmosphere would support combustion much more easily than it does and even a tiny spark could set off enormous fires.
  • Similarly, if both took in oxygen and released carbon dioxide, life would eventually die out when all the oxygen had been used up.
The Atmosphere and Respiration
  • We breathe every moment of our lives.
  • We continuously take the air into our lungs and let it out.
  • We do it so much that we might think of it as normal. In fact, respiration is quite a complex process.
Our bodily systems are so perfectly designed that we don't need to think about breathing.
  • Our body estimates how much oxygen it needs and arranges for the delivery of the right amount whether we're walking, running, reading a book, or sleeping.
  • The reason breathing is so important to us is that the millions of reactions that must constantly take place in our bodies to keep us alive all require oxygen.
Your ability to read this book is thanks to the millions of cells in the retina of your eye constantly being supplied with oxygen-derived energy.
  • Similarly, all the tissues of our bodies and the cells forming them get their energy from the "burning" of carbon compounds in oxygen.
  • The product of this burning-carbon dioxide-must be discharged from the body.
  • If the level of oxygen in your bloodstream drops to low, the result is fainting;
  • and if the absence of oxygen persists for more than a few minutes, the result is death.
And that's why we breathe.
Map of the Human Heart
Science of Heart & Secrets of The Saints
"the wise seeker must safeguard his breath from heedlessness, coming in and going out, thereby keeping his heart always in the Divine Presence; and he must revive his breath with worship and servitude and dispatch this worship to His Lord full of life, for every breath which is inhaled and exhaled with Presence is alive and connected with the Divine Presence. Every breath inhaled and exhaled with heedlessness is dead, disconnected from the Divine Presence."

#1 Oxygen-poor blood (shown in blue) flows from the body into the right atrium.{Take Breath Move Head to the Right La Illaha}

#2 Blood flows through the right atrium into the right ventricle.

#3 The right ventricle pumps the blood to the lungs, where the blood releases waste gases and picks up oxygen.

#4 The newly oxygen-rich blood (shown in red) returns to the heart and enters the left atrium. {Take Head to Left Where the Heart is Il Allah}

#5 Blood flows through the left atrium into the left ventricle.

#6The left ventricle pumps the oxygen-rich blood to all parts of the body.

Animated gif of bloodflow path through heart.
  • When we inhale, oxygen floods into about 300 million tiny chambers in our lungs.
  • Capillary veins attached to these chambers absorb the oxygen in a twinkling and convey it first to heart and then to every other part of our body.
  • The cells of our body use this oxygen and release carbon dioxide into the blood, which conveys it back to the lungs where it is expelled. The whole thing takes less than half a second: "clean" oxygen comes in and "dirty" carbon dioxide goes out.
You might be wondering why there are so many (300 million) of those little chambers in the lungs.
  • They're there to maximize the surface area that is exposed to the air.
  • They're carefully folded up to occupy as little space as possible; if they were unfolded, the result would be enough to cover a tennis court.
There is another point here that we need to keep in mind.
  • The chambers of the lungs and the capillaries connecting to them are designed so small and perfectly in order to increase the rate at which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged.
  • But that perfect design depends on other factors: the density, viscosity, and pressure of air must all be right in order for the air to move properly in and out of our lungs.
When we breathe, our lungs use energy to overcome a force called "airway resistance".
  • This force is the result of the resistance of air to movement.
  • Owing to the physical properties of the atmosphere however, this resistance is weak enough that our lungs can take air in and let it out with a minimum expenditure of energy.
  • If air resistance were higher, our lungs would be forced to work harder to enable us to breathe.
  • This can be explained by an example.
  • It easy to draw water into the needle of an injector but drawing honey in is much more difficult.
  • The reason is that honey is denser than water and also more viscous.