محبت، حضور، فنا
Muhabat, Hudhur, Fana
Love, Presence, Annihilation
From The Teachings of Mawlana Shaykh Hisham Kabbani as Taught by Shaykh Sayed Nurjan Mirahmadi
Part of the Insan Kamil Book of Realities
Importance of Keeping the Presence:
To know yourself is to be in Islam (Submission) and have a Shaykh (guide) to sit with and learn from. Our way is to focus on Mawlana Shaykh and keep his presence with you at all time. When you don’t feel the Shaykh’s presence, then you will think to yourself, why? What have I done that I don’t feel Shyakh’s presence? Did I not do my Awrad (daily practices)?
See “Playing with Jinn and Spirits” Suhbat on Youtube.
Keeping the Shaykh’s presence, asking for madad (support), keeping your practices, and asking Mawlana Shaykh Hisham to dress you with his presence is hard. But that is the concept of Insan Kaamil (Perfected Human being).
How could you be Insan Kaamil (Perfected Human being) and reach Allah? You have to go through Noor (light), to the Sir (secret) to get to the Diya/Naar (source of light), and then you will get to Alif which is ‘Izat ullah (Allah’s Honor). Now everyone has a Noor (light).
(For more details on Insan Kamil, read the article of “Insan Kamil-The Perfect Human being“)
It doesn’t matter if you are with Mawlana Shaykh. You can be sitting in front of them but not be getting anywhere. The importance of Tafakkur (contemplation) and Muraquaba (meditation) was that you could connect with the Shaykh. Otherwise, you could sit with them for 20 years and nothing can happen and you will go to the grave like that.
Mawlana Shaykh Nazim al Haqqani, is the Shaykh e kamil (Perfected King) and he has many representatives. Therefore, come to his representatives and understand how to reach to the Sultan. Don’t just sit at home because nothing will happen. That’s just sun bathing.
محبت، حضور، فنا
Muhabat, Hudhur, Fana
Love, Presence, Annihilation
The Reality has to teach you from the three presences: محبت Muhabat (love), حضور Hudhur (Presence) and فنا Fana (Annihilation) By that Noor (light), that representative has to teach you about the Presence. He will teach you how to love the Shaykh.
محبت Muhabat (love) is when you love. You have to know the Shaykh to keep his حضور Hudhur (presence). The representative is the physical representative of the حضور Hudhur of Shaykh (Presence of the guide). Therefore, you feel Shaykh’s (master’s) presence, when you are with the representative (your teacher). Therefore, the representative (teacher) is called مقدم Muqaddam (Facilitator) because they were the most (ahead?) in their foot step. (A muqaddam is a student (murid) of the Sufi path who has been authorized by his/her Guide to assist in teaching the path to other students.) The Muqaddam also has to teach you to keep special presence of the Shaykh and teach you to keep the حضور Hudhur of Mawlana Shaykh 24 hours (or 24/7).
The formula is:
محبت Muhabat (love) + حضور Hudhur (Presence) = فنا Fana (Annihilation)
Love of Mawlana Shaykh takes you to the Presence of the Shaykh.
1. First come to the (Sufi Dargah, Khaniqa), to be in his (Teacher/Muqaddam) physical presence
2. Then be in the Presence of the Shaykh spiritually
3. That begins to be فنا Fana in Shaykh (Annihilated in Master)
Brick by brick فنا Fana (Annihilation) is opening because you keep love and you keep the حضور Hudhur (Presence) of Mawlana Shaykh; that is Physical and Spiritual presence. You can’t say that I watch internet and connect with the Shaykh through Internet. You need the physical حضور Hudhur (Presence) because their representative has Shaykh’s حضور Hudhur (presence).
فَنَا فِي الشِّيخْ، فَنَا فِي الرَّسُولْ، فَنَا فِي الله
Fana fi Shaykh, Fana fir Rasool, Fana Fillah
Annihilation in Guide,
Annihilation in the Messenger,
Annihilation in Divine
There are different levels:
1. First level is the محبت Muhabat (Love), then the حضور Hudhur (Presence), and then فِي الشِّيخْ فَنَا Fana fi Shaykh (Annihilation in Master)
2. Second level is the
محبت Muhabat (love), حضور Hudhur (Presence), and then فَنَا فِي الرَّسُولْ Fana fir Rasool (Annihilation in Messenger)
3. (Nothing is for the 3rd level. Because Fana fillah is only for Prophet (s))
Even in first level of Fana fi Shaykh (Annihilation in Master), there is ‘Izzat ullahi (Honour of Allah), wa ‘Izzatir Rasule (and Honor of the Messenger (s), wa ‘Izzatul Mumineen (And the honor of the believers). (Surat Al Munafiquon Chapter 63:8)
وَلِلَّهِ الْعِزَّةُ وَلِرَسُولِهِ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَلَكِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ
63:8…Wa Lillahil ‘izzatu wa li Rasooli hi wa lil Mumineena
wa lakinnal munafiqeena la y’alamoon.
…And to Allah belongs [all] honor, and to His messenger, and to the believers,
but the hypocrites do not know. (Surat Al Munafiquoon 63:8)
Just in the understanding of your relationship with the Shaykh, has the three ‘Izzat (honor). Therefore, the Face, the Presence, and Essence are from that secret; which was explained earlier. (Read “Realities of The Face, Presence, Essence – Part 1“)
1. Face = عِزَتِ مُؤْمِنِينْ ‘Izzat Mumineen (honor of Believers) = محبت Muhabat (Love)
2. Presence =عِزَتِ الرَّسُولْ ‘Izzat ir Rasul (honor of the messenger) = حضورHudhur (Presence)
3. Essence =عِزَتُ الله ‘Izzat ulllah (honor of Allah) = فنا Fana (Annihilation)
Which حضور Hudhur (Presence) are we talking about? حضور النَّبِيْ Hudhurun Nabi (saw) (Prophet Muhammad (saw)’s presence). Which is the reflection of Hudhur Nabi (saw)? Anytime حضور Hudhur (Presence) opens, it is from the حضور النَّبِيْ Hudhurun Nabi (Prophet’s Presence) which reflects to the حضور اَلشِّيخْ Hudure Shaykh (Master’s presence); which then reflects to مُؤْمِنِينْ Mumineen. That’s from عِزَتِ الرَّسُولْ ‘Izzatir Rasool which Allah (AJ) gave.
In each section, there are three categories pointing to the same thing. For every secret, you have to come to the Face. To get to the فنا Fana (Annihilation) which is the Essence, you have to go through the Shaykh. Every reality has a Face which you have to go through. When you concentrate in the Face, Allah (AJ) says: everything perishes but the holy Face. Allah (AJ) is saying that everything vanishes; don’t focus in anything but the Face.
وَلَا تَدْعُ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ كُلُّ شَيْءٍ هَالِكٌ إِلَّا وَجْهَهُ لَهُ الْحُكْمُ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ
22:88 Wala tad’uo ma’Allahi ilahan aakhara la ilaha illa huwa kullu shayin halikun illa wajha hu la hul hukmu wa ilayhi turja’oon.
And call not, besides Allah, on another god. There is no god but He. Everything (that exists) will perish except His Face. To Him belongs the Command, and to Him will ye (all) be brought back. (Surat Al Qasas 22:88)
Allah (AJ) also says to focus on Haq (truth) and not the falsehood because falsehood is perishing.
وَ قُلْ جَآءَالْحَقُّ وَزَهَقَ الْبَطِلُ، إِنَّ الْبَطِلَ كَانَ زَهُوقًا
Wa qul jaa alhaqqu wa zahaqal baatil, innal batila kana zahooqa.
And say, Truth has come, and falsehood has departed.
Indeed is falsehood, [by nature], ever bound to depart.” (Surat Al-Isra 17:81)
Haq (truth) is the Face because Allah (AJ) said, everything perishes but the Face. Focus on the Face of the Shaykh and that is Love. By love you keep looking at the Shaykh and then it opens the حضور Hudhur (presence). Then even when you are not with him physically, you will feel his حضور Hudhur (presence). Only by concentrating on the Face, the حضور Hudhur (presence) opens because of عِزَتُ الله ‘Izzat ullah. عِزَتْ ‘Izzat (honor) always flows from Allah (AJ) to Prophet Muhammad (saw) and then to the Mumineen. It is like a rope reaching up.
حَبْلِ HABl (ROPE)
Allah (AJ) said: Hold tight to the rope.
وَاعْتَصِمُوا بِحَبْلِ اللَّـهِ جَمِيعًا وَلَا تَفَرَّقُوا ۚ
3:103 Wa’tasimo bihab lillahi jamee’an wa la tafarraqo.
And hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not separate. (Surat Al ‘Imran 3:103)
Rope shows the Tawhid (Oneness). Allah (AJ) didn’t say hold tight to the bar because that would mean everyone is at the same level. Rope is showing that somebody is on top of you and somebody is below you. That عِزَتُ الله ‘Izzat Ullah (honor of Allah (AJ)) flows through the rope. Rope is now a form; and the form is Prophet Muhammad (saw).
Rope is called حَبْ Hab in Arabic and Love is called حُبْ Hub. Allah (AJ) doesn’t care about the physical rope. The form is the prophet (saw). Mawlana Shaykh Hisham has talked about it. He said in one of his Suhbat (association) that “Allah (AJ) asked Ibrahim (AS) to build Him a house. Ibrahim (AS) was not a contractor but, Allah (AJ) wanted him to build his heart.” Why did Allah (AJ) said to Ibrahim and Ismail (AS) to build a house for Him? Ibrahim (AS) built the foundation of faith. Therefore, he is called father of Faith. The seed of that was Ismail (AS).
Therefore, Prophet Muhammad (saw) said, I am from two sacrifices. He (saw) is coming from the line of Ismail (AS). His lineage is from Ismail (AS)’s sacrifice that Allah (AJ) had asked Ibrahim (AS) to sacrifice his son Ismail. Then Angel Gabriel changed it to a lamb. The second sacrifice that Prophet (saw) was referring to is from a time that Abdul Mutalib was going to sacrifice one of his sons and he was thinking about Abdullah (prophet Muhammad (saw)’s father). However, someone came to tell Abdul Mutalib to sacrifice camels instead. But it did end with the sacrifice of Prophet (saw)’s grandchildren. They sacrificed themselves in Karbala.
حُبْ HUB (LOVE)
حُب Hub (love) is created from two letters of ح Ha and ب Ba. ح Ha represents for حيات Hayat (life) and ب Ba represents بقا Baqa (ever living). بقا Baqa
(ever living) is the بحر قدرت Bahre Qudrat (ocean of power). بقا Baqa (ever living) means resurrected to Allah (AJ)’s presence. اهل بقا Ahle Baqa (the ever living people) operate from their reality, not from the physicality. They have reached بقا Baqa (ever living) from the ocean of الحق alHaq (Truth).
The word حق Haq is made of two letters as well, ح Ha and ق Quaf. ح Ha represents حَي Hai (ever living) and ق Quaf is for اَلقَيُومْ al Quayum (Self sustainer). حَي Hai and قَيُّومْ Qayum are two attributes of Allah (AJ)). حق Haq (Truth) is manifestation of the ocean of power. What comes from ocean of power is اَلْحَيُّ وَ الْقَيُّومْ alHai wal Qayum (ever living and self sustainer). As Allah (AJ) says in Quran;
ق ۚ وَالْقُرْآنِ الْمَجِيدِ ١
50:1 Qaaf, wal Quranil Majeed.
Qaf. By the honored Qur’an. (Surat Qaaf 50:1)
اهل باب Ahle Bab (People of Door):
حَبْ Hab (rope) is coming from that ocean of power. There are Qasidas (prophetic praises) that says الحباب Al Habab (lovers) Not sure what is the correct spelling) and اهل باب Ahle Bab (People of Door); those who guards the door. Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: I am the city of Knowledge and Ali is the door.
أَنَامَدِيْنَةُ الْعِلْمُ وَعَلِيٌّ بَابُهَا
Ana Madinatul ‘Ilm, wa ‘Aliyun babuha.
“I am the City of Knowledge, and ‘Ali is its door.” Prophet Muhammad (s)
باب هو Bab HU Prophet (saw) is the City and Ali is the door of هو HU. Prophet (saw) is encoding that I am هو HU.Understanding the Arabic language is important according to Shah Naqshband (Q). In Arabic the roots of the word is important. Whatever the branch, it’s from the same root.
إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيماً
innallaha wa malaaikatahu yusalluna ‘alan Nabiyi yaa ayyuhal ladhina aamanu sallu ‘alayhi
wa sallimu taslimaa. (Surat AlAhzab 33:56)
Allah and His angels send blessings on the Prophet: O you that believe! Send your blessings on him, and salute him with all respect. (The Combined Forces, Ch.33:56)
For example, Taslim means submission. But people are misinterpreting it when they say. Ya ayu hal ladhina Amano sallu ‘alayhi wa sallimo Taslima. They say Taslima is Peace, but it means submission. It means, Oh those who believe, praise and submit. Taslim means submission from Ateeur Rasul (obey the prophet) and from the Ayat of Quran, “Tell them Ya Muhammad (saw) if you love Allah, Fatabioni (Follow me).”
قُلْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُحِبُّوْنَ اللَّـهَ فَاتَّبِعُوْنِيْ يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّـهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوْبَكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ ٣١
3:31 Qul in kuntum tuhibbon Allaha fattabi’onee, yuhbibkumUllahu wa yaghfir lakum dhunobakum
wallahu Ghaforur Raheem.
Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah , then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” (Surat Al ‘Imran 3:31)
Connection between حَبْلِ Habl (rope) and حُبْ Hub (love):
Hold tight to the Rope. Prophet (saw) is the rope, the حَبْ Hab. The ones close to Prophet (saw) are the Ulel Amr (those in authority). Al habab (lovers) and Ahle Bab (people of the door). حُبْ Hub and حَبْ Hab are made of the same two letters of ح Ha and ب Ba. They both have ح Ha of حيات Hayat (life) and ب Ba of بحر قدرة Bahre Qudrat (ocean of power). Why then focus on material world? Allah is not going to send a physical rope. Therefore it’s important to look at the horoof (letters) of Arabic alphabet.
ح Ha of حيات Hayat (life) and Ba of بقا Baqa (ever living). Look for the people of حيات Hayat (life) because they are the ropes.
ياأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُواللَّه وَأَطِيعُوٱلرَّسُولَ وَأُوْلِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْكُمْ…
Ya ayyu hal latheena amanoo Atee Ullaha wa Ateeur Rasoola wa Ulel amre minkum…
O you who have believed, Obey Allah and Obey the Messenger, and those in authority among you. (Surat An Nisa 4:59)
From Face to the Presence and the Presence shoots you up to the Essence. That is the M’iraj (Ascension) of the soul. Why do some people feel the energy and power of the Lailatul Isra wal M’iraj? That’s because they have seen the Face, and they have the love; therefore they feel the حضور Hudhur (the presence) in Lailatul Isra wal M’iraj. Our M’iraj is with Mawlana Shaykh and Mawlana shaykh is with Prophet (saw) and in Prophet (saw)’s heart is the divine presence.
From the material world, everything is locked to form and they don’t want to lose the form. People are so focused in what is Ka’bba, where is the K’abba, and which way is the Qibla; that they have forgotten the reality of the Ka’bba, being the Heart of the Prophet (saw).