Knowledge of Letters & Numbers

علم حروف فواتح و مقطعات
Ilm Huroof
Fawatih (Opening) and Muqatta’at Letters

About one-quarter of the Quranic Surahs (29 Chapters) are preceded by mysterious letter-symbols called muqatta’at (abbreviated letters) or, occasionally called Fawatih (openers) as they appear at the beginning of the relevant Surahs.

It is related that Abu Bakr as-Siddiq said:

في كل كتاب سر، وسره في القرآن فواتح القرآن
For every book there is a secret and all of its secrets are in the Qur`an
in the opening letters of the chapters

 ABJAD TABLE

 


(Arranged in Powers of 9)

Heavenly Abjad Order

9

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

Arabic letter

ط

ح

ز

و

ه

د

ج

ب

ا

Heavenly
Value

TA=
9

HA=
8

ZA=
7

WAW=6

HAA=
5

DAL=
4

JEEM = 3

BA=
2

ALIF=1

Heavenly Abjad Order

18

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

Arabic letter

ص

ف

ع

س

ن

م

ل

ك

ي

Heavenly
Value

SADH= 90

FA=
80

AYN=
70

SEEN=
60

NOON= 50

MEEM=
40

LAAM=
30

KAHF= 20

YAA=
10

Heavenly Abjad Order

27

26

25

24

23

22

21

20

19

Arabic letter

ظ

ض

ذ

خ

ث

ت

ش

ر

ق

Heavenly
Value

ZA=
900

DHAD = 800

THAL=
700

KHA =
600

SA=
500

TA=
400

SHEEN = 300

RA =
200

QAF=
100

Heavenly Abjad Order

92

28

Arabic letter

لا

غ

Heavenly
Value

Lam
Alif

GHAYN = 1000