Mawlana Imam Jafar As Sadiq (as)
مولانا امام جعفر الصادق ( ع)
702 CE – 765 CE
8th Ramadan 83 AH – 25th Shawwal 148 AH)
Birth place: Madinatul Munawwirah
Resting Place: Jannatul Baqi, Madinatul Munawwirah
Imam Ja’far as Sadiq (Radi Allahu Anh) [May Allah be pleased with him] was a master in exegesis of the Quran, a scholar of jurisprudence , and one of the greatest scholars qualified to give legal decisions in Madinah . Imam Jafar acquired both the external religious knowledge, as well as the internal confirmation of its reality in the heart. The latter was reflected in his many visions and miraculous powers , too numerous to tell.
I have discovered—
and exaggeration is not in my nature—
That He, who is my sustenance, will come to me.
I run to Him, and my quest for Him is an agony for me.
Were I to sit still, He would come to me without distress.
—Urwa ibn Adhina
[Imam Ja’far as Sadiq, the son of Imam Muhammad al Baqir , son of Imam Zain al ‘Abidin, son of Husayn , son of Ali ibn Abi Talib , ibn Muhammad, was born on the eighth 8th of Ramadan in the year 83 AH/702 CE. His mother Fatima (ra) was the daughter of al Qasim, great granddaughter of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq .]
He spent his life in worship and acts of piety for the sake of God. He rejected all positions of fame in favor of isolation from the mundane world.
Two Lineages meet in Imam Ja’far as Sadiq (ra)
One of his contemporaries, Umar ibn Abil Muqdam, said, “When I look at Jafar ibn Muhammad I see the lineage and the secret of the Prophet Muhammad (saws) united in him.”
Imam Jafar ibn Muhammad received from the Prophet (saws) two lines of inheritance:
- The secret of the Prophet (saws) through Imam Ali (as)
- And through Hazrat Abu Bakr as Siddiq (as).
In him the two lineages met and for that reason he was called “Inheritor of the Prophetic Station and of the Truthful Station .”
In him was reflected the light of the knowledge of Truth and Reality. That light shone forth and that knowledge was spread widely through him during his lifetime.
The Love of Ahlul Bayt for Abu Bakr as Siddiq (as)
Imam Jafar (as) narrated from his father, Muhammad al Baqir, that a man came to his grandfather, Zain al Abidin, and said:
“Tell me about Abu Bakr!”
He said, “You mean as-Siddiq [the truthful one]?”
The man said, “How do you call him as-Siddiq when he is against you, the family of the Prophet?”
He [Zain al Abidin (ra)] replied, “Woe to you. The Prophet (saws) called him ‘as-Siddiq’ and God accepted his title of as Siddiq. If you want to come to me, keep the love of Abu Bakr and Umar in your heart.”
[quote] Imam Ja’far (as) said:
“The best intercession that I hope for is the intercession of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq .”[/quote]
وَقُل رَّبِّ أَدْخِلْنِي مُدْخَلَ صِدْقٍ وَأَخْرِجْنِي مُخْرَجَ صِدْقٍ وَاجْعَل لِّي مِن لَّدُنكَ سُلْطَانًا نَّصِيرًا ٨٠
17:80 – “wa qul Rabbi adkhelni mudkhala Sidqin wa akhrejni mukhraja Sidqin waj’al li min ladunka Sultanan NaSeera.” (Surat al Isra)
Say: “O my Lord! Let my entry be by the Gate of Truth and Honour, and likewise my exit by the Gate of Truth and Honour; and grant me from Thy Presence an authority [a King] to aid (me).” (Holy Quran, The Night Journey 17:80)
The following invocation is reported from Jafar as-Sadiq:
O God, You are my witness that I love Abu Bakr and I love Umar, and if what I am saying is not true may God cut me off from the intercession of Muhammad (saw) .
He took the knowledge of the Traditions from two sources: from his father, through Imam ‘Ali (as), and from his maternal grandfather, al Qasim (ra). Then he increased his knowledge of the Traditions by sitting with Urwa, Aata, Nafi,and Zuhri.
The two Sufyans, Sufyan al-Thawri and Sufyan bin Ayinah, Imam Malik, Imam Abu Hanifa, and al-Qattan; all narrated Traditions through him, as did many others from later scholars of the Traditions.
Stories of Imam Ja’far As Sadiq (ra)
- Once, someone complained to Mansur, the governor of Madinah, about Jafar (as). They brought him before Mansur and asked the man who had complained, “Do you swear that Jafar did as you say?” He said, “I swear that he did that.”
Jafar (as) said, “Let him swear that I did what he accused me of and let him swear that God punish him if he is lying.”
The man insisted on his complaint, and Jafar (as) insisted that he take the oath. Finally, the man accepted to take the oath. No sooner were the words of the oath out of his mouth than he fell down dead.
- Once he heard that Hakim ibn al Abbas al-Kalbi crucified his own uncle Zaid on a date palm. He was so unhappy about this that he raised his hands and said, “O God send him one of your dogs to teach him a lesson.” Only a brief time passed before a lion in the desert ate Hakim.
- Imam at Tabari narrates that Wahb said: I heard Layth ibn Saad say,
“I went on pilgrimage in the year 113 AH/731 CE. After I performed the afternoon prayer, I was reading some verses of the Holy Quran, when I saw someone sitting beside me invoking God saying, ‘Ya Allah, Ya Allah يا الله يا الله …’ repeatedly until he lost his breath. He then continued by saying, ‘Ya Hayy, Ya Hayy يا حي يا حي …’ until his breath was again lost.
He then raised his hands and said, ‘O God, I have the desire to eat grapes, O God give me some. And my robe is becoming so old and tattered. Please, O God, grant me a new one.’ “He had hardly finished his words before a basket of grapes appeared in front of him while at that time there were no grapes in season. Beside the basket of grapes there appeared two cloaks more beautiful than I had ever seen before.
I said, ‘O my partner let me share with you.’
He said, ‘How are you a partner?’
I replied, ‘You were praying and I was saying ‘amin’.’
Then Imam Jafar (as) said, ‘Then come and eat with me,’ and he gave me one of the two cloaks.
Then he walked off until he met a man who said, ‘O son of the Prophet , cover me because I have nothing but these tattered garments to cover me.’ He immediately gave him the cloak that he had just received.
I asked that man, ‘Who is that?’ He replied, ‘That is the great imam, Jafar as-Sadiq .’ I ran after him to find him but he had disappeared.”
This is only a sample of the many anecdotes and stories of the miraculous powers of Ja’far as-Sadiq.
From Imam Ja’far as Sadiq (ra)’s Teachings
From his knowledge he said to Sufyan al-Thawri ,
“If God bestows on you a favor, and you wish to keep that favor, then you must praise and thank Him excessively, because He said,”
2:152 – “Fadhkuronee adhkurkum washkuroli wa la takfuroon.” (Surah al Baqarah)
“So remember Me; I will remember you. And be grateful/Thankful to Me and do not reject faith.” (Holy Quran)
He also said, “If the door of provision is closed for you, then make a great deal of begging for forgiveness because God said, ‘Seek forgiveness of your Lord, certainly Your Lord is oft-Forgiving.’ (11:52)”
11:52 – “Wa ya qawmi istaghfiro rabbakum thumma tobo ilayhi, yursilis Samaa a ‘alaykum midraran wa yazidkum quwwatan ila quwwatikum, wa la tatawallaw mujrimeen.” (Surah Hud)
“And O my people, ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him. He will send the skies pouring abundant rain upon you, and add power to your strength/power. And do not turn away, [being] criminals.” (Holy Quran )
And he said to Sufyan,
“If you are upset by the tyranny of a Sultan or other oppression that you witness, say: ‘There is no change and no power except with God,’ (18:39) because it is the key to relief and one of the treasures of Paradise.”
مَا شَاءَ اللَّـهُ لَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّـهِ ۚ إِ… ﴿٣٩…
18:39 – “…MashAllahu la quwwata illa billah…” (Surah al Kahf)
“…What Allah willed [has occurred]; there is no power except in Allah …” (Holy Quran, the Cave)
The letter of the Arabic alphabet, noon ,(ن ) at the beginning of Surah Qalam (Chapter 68 of Quran) represents the light of pre-Eternity , out of which God created all creations, and which is [nur] Muhammad .
ن ۚ وَالْقَلَمِ وَمَا يَسْطُرُونَ ١
68:1 -Noon. wal Qalami wa ma yasTuroon. (Surat al Qalam)
“Noon. By the pen and what they inscribe.” ( The Pen 68:1)
That is why He said in the same [Surah (chapter)] verse 4, “Truly you are of a sublime nature.” (68:4)—that is, you were privileged with that light from pre-Eternity.
وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلَىٰ خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ ﴿٤
68:4 – “Wa innaka la’ala khuluqin ‘azheem.” (Surat al Qalam)
“Truly, you (O Muhammad!) are of a magnificent character.” (Holy Quran, The Pen 68:4)
Quotes from Imam Ja’far as Sadiq (ra)
[quote]God, Almighty and Exalted, told the lower world, ”Serve the one who serves Me and tire the one who serves you.”[/quote]
- [Salat] Prayer is the pillar of every pious person.
- [Hajj] Pilgrimage is the sacred struggle of every weak one.
- [Zakat] The poor-due of the body is fasting.
- The one who asks for God’s blessings without performing good deeds is like the one trying to shoot an arrow without a bow.
- [quote]”Open the door of provision by giving donations.“[/quote]
- “Fence in your money with the payment of the poor-due [Zakat].”
- “The best is he who wastes not.”
- “Planning is the foundation of your life.”
- “To act prudently is the basis of intellect.”
[quote]”No enemy is more powerful than ignorance. No illness is greater than lying.”[/quote]
- “Whoever makes his parents sad, has denied their rights on him.”
- “The jurists are the trustees of the Prophet . If you find the jurists sticking to the company of the sultans, say to them, “This is forbidden,” as the jurist cannot express his honest opinion under the pressure of the sultan’s proximity.”
- [quote]”No food is better than piety and there is nothing better than silence[/quote].
- “If you see something you do not like in your brother, try to find from one to seventy excuses for him. If you cannot find an excuse, say, “There might be an excuse, but I do not know it.”
- “If you hear a word from a Muslim that is offensive, try to find a good meaning for it. If you do not find a good meaning for it, say to yourself, “I do not understand what he said,” in order to keep harmony between Muslims.”
- [quote]”Verily, envy eats belief as fire eats wood.”[/quote]
- “Whoever attacks a matter without knowledge cuts off his own nose.”
Jafar as-Sadiq (ra) passed away in 148 AH/765 CE. He was buried in Jannat al-Baqi, in the same graveyard as that of his father, Muhammad al-Baqir (ra), his grandfather, Zain al-Abidin (ra), and the uncle of his grandfather, Imam Hassan ibn ‘Ali (karam Allahu wajha).
He passed the secret of the Golden Chain to his successor, Grandshaykh Tayfur Abu Yazid al Bistami, more commonly known as Bayazid al-Bistami.
Urwa ibn Adhina, quoted in Thackston, p. 192.